Data access


Theia Land Cover SEC produced automatically land cover maps for Metropolitan France using Sentinel-2A and Sentinel-2B data. These maps have a 10-meters resolution.

2020, 2019 and 2018 available maps use a 23-categories nomenclature:

Annual Crops

Summer Crops

  1. Sunflower
  2. Corn
  3. Rice
  4. Tubers/roots
  5. Soy

Winter Crops

  1. Straw cereals (Wheat, Triticale, Barley)
  2. Protein crops (Beans / Peas)
  3. Oilseeds (Rapeseed)

Perennial Crops

  1. Grasslands
  2. Vineyards
  3. Orchards and fruit growing


  1. Hardwood forest
  2. Softwood forest

Low natural formation

  1. Natural grasslands and pastures
  2. Woody moorlands


  1. Dense built-up area
  2. Diffuse built-up area
  3. Industrial and commercial areas
  4. Roads

Mineral surfaces

  1. Natural mineral surfaces
  2. Beaches and dunes


  1. Water
  2. Glaciers and eternal snows

The nomenclature used since 2018 is furthermore totally compatible with the 17-classes nomenclature employed for the 2016 and 2017 land-cover maps.

Illustrating earlier work, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2014 maps using Landsat-5 databases are also available.


Silvia Valero
Google Scholar


The 2019 (Raster) as well as the 2018 (Raster and Vector) data are available on

For older version, use the links below :

Raster format before 2018

Vector format before 2018

The product is cut according to the administrative limits of the French departments and generated a zip archive containing the 4 files that make up the “ESRI Shapefile” format. Data can be downloaded from URLs such as:

in which XX corresponds to the number of the department (09, 31, etc.).


For more information, see