Soil Moisture at plot-scale Arles area (France)
Soil Moisture Map with very high spatial resolution at plot scale for the Arles region (south of France).

Soil moisture at very high spatial resolution

Soil moisture at very high spatial resolution

Data access

A Python Script to download entire collections

Data description

 Location of the 22 sites documented by Theia VHSR Soil Moisture maps (March 2021).
Location of the 22 sites documented by Theia VHSR Soil Moisture maps (September 2021).
Soil Moisture Data at plot scale available in December 2021
OSO | Carte d’occupation des sols pour la France métropolitaine | Jordi Inglada
Registre parcellaire graphique (RPG)
National Center for Remote Sensing Lebanon
IBG-3 | Frank Hermann
Corine Land Cover | Copernicus
LMI TREMA Maroc | Vincent Simmoneaux
SIGPAC Espagne
Available data in December 2021

The VHSR Soil Moisture product

The “Soil moisture with very high spatial resolution” SEC offers soil moisture maps with frequent repetition (a map every six days) at the sub-parcel scale on several sites in France, in Europe and around the Mediterranean basin.

Some examples of Soil Moisture Data series

Algorithms were developed and moisture maps produced with the support of IRSTEA (UMR TETIS) and CNES (TOSCA Project). This work was carried out in close collaboration with Mehrez Zribi at CESBIO.

The data used come from the Sentinel-1 radar and Sentinel-2 optical Copernicus image series. The radar signal inversion algorithm uses neural networks. It is applied to agricultural parcels (with or without vegetation) extracted from the 2016 and 2017 land cover maps produced by the Theia Land Cover SEC (Jordi Inglada et al., CESBIO).

Sentinel-2 images were used to calculate the NDVI (normalized difference vegetation index). This index is a necessary input for the inversion algorithm, both in order to divide the agricultural areas resulting from the land cover map and to simulate the contribution of vegetation to the total radar signal received by the satellite. Segmentation allows homogeneous polygons inside agricultural parcels to be extracted, and, as a result, allows objects to be offered that are finer than the outline of the parcels.

Thanks to a large field campaign close to the city of Montpellier (almost 500 in situ measurements), the precision for the soil moisture estimate reaches 6 vol.%.


Nicolas Baghdadi
INRAE | Tetis

Mehrez Zribi
CNRS | Cesbio


Ghaith Amin
INRAE | Tetis

Hassan Bazzi
INRAE | Tetis

Mohamad El-Hajj
INRAE | Tetis

Loïc Lozac’h
INRAE | Tetis